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Yeshua: The Hebrew Word for Jesus
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Restoring the Two Houses of Israel
The Seven Festivals of the Messiah
Who is the Bride of Christ?
Restaurando Las Dos Casas de Israel
Las Siete Fiestas del Mesias
?Quien es la Novia de Cristo?
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Free Audio Teachings







The Seven Festivals of the Messiah

Endnotes

 Chapter 1 - The Appointed Feasts

1. Adapted from Kevin J. Conner's The Feasts of Israel, (Portland, Oregon: Bible Temple Publishing, 1980), p.1.

2. James Strong, The Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible, (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Pub. n.d.), definition #4150.

3.  Strong's, #2282

4. Strong's, #2287

Chapter 2 - An Overview of the Feasts

1.  Strong's, #4175

2.  Strong's, #6666

3.  Strong's, #4744

 

Chapter 3 - Passover (Pesach): Feasting for Freedom

1. Adapted from Conner's The Feasts of Israel, pp. 16-22

2. Joseph Good, "Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come," (tape series) (Port Arthur, Texas: Hatikva Ministries, 1989).  Tape #3, "The Festivals."

3. Adapted from Conner's The Feasts of Israel, pp. 85-86.

 

Chapter 4 - The Festival of Unleavened Bread (Hag HaMatzah)

1. Good, "Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come."  Tape #4, "Pesach to Shavuot."

2. Adapted from Grant R. Jeffrey's Armageddon Appointment with Destiny, (Toronto, Ontario: Frontier Research Publications, 1988), p. 58.

3. Good, "Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come." Tape #4, "Pesach to Shavuot."

4. Adapted from Conner's The Feasts of Israel, pp. 24-25.

 

Chapter 5 - The Festival of First Fruits (Bikkurim)

1. Adapted from Conner's The Feasts of Israel, p. 29.

2.  Ibid.

3.  Adapted from Jeffrey's Armageddon Appointment with Destiny, p. 60.

4.  Joseph Good, "The Festival Series I," (tape series) (Port Arthur, Texas: Hatikva Ministries).  Tape #3, "Overview: The Seven Festivals."

5.  Adapted from Conner's The Feasts of Israel, p. 30.

6.  Good, "Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come." Tape #3, "The Festivals."

 

Chapter 6 - The Festival of Pentecost (Shavuot)

1.  Adapted from Michael Strassfeld, The Jewish Holidays: A Guide and Commentary (New York, New York: Harper and Row, 1985), pp. 47-49.

2.  Ibid.

3.  Adapted from Isador Margolis and Rabbi Sidney L. Markowitz, The Jewish Holidays and Festivals (New York, New York: Carol Publishing Group, 1962), pp.44-45.

4.  Strassfeld, The Jewish Holidays, p. 71.

5.  Adapted from Jeffrey's Armageddon Appointment with Destiny, p. 65-67.

6.  Strassfeld, The Jewish Holidays, p. 75.

7.  Adapted from Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan, Made in Heaven (Brooklyn, New York: Moznaim Publishing Corporation, 1983), pg.134.

8.  Ibid.

9.  Strassfeld, The Jewish Holidays, p. 113.

10. Ibid., p. 75.

11.   Adapted from Rabbi Moshe Weissman, The Midrash Says on Shemot (Brooklyn, New York: Benei Yakov Publications, 1980), p. 82.

12.  Good, "Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come." Tape #4, "The Two Calendars."

13.  Adapted from Conner's The Feasts of Israel, pp. 38-42.

 

Chapter 7 – Rosh HaShanah

  1. Good, “Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come.”  Tape #7, “Teshuvah.”
  2. Strassfeld, The Jewish Holidays, p. 97.
  3. Good, “Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come.”  Tape #7, “Teshuvah.”
  4. Ibid.
  5. Adapted from Mitch and Zhava Glass’s, The Fall Feasts of Israel, (Chicago, Illinois: Moody Press, pp. 22-23.
  6. Strassfeld, The Jewish Holidays, p. 28.
  7. Adapted from Margolis and Markowitz, The Jewish Holidays and Festivals, p. 28.
  8. Adapted from Nissan Mindel, The Complete Story of Tishrei (Brooklyn, New York: Mekkos L’inyonei Chinuch Inc., 1956), p. 18.
  9. Strassfeld, The Jewish Holidays, pp. 103-104.
  10. Ibid., p. 96.
  11. Mindel, The Complete Story of Tishrei, p. 47.
  12. Strassfeld, The Jewish Holidays, p. 100.
  13. Good, “Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come.”  Tape #6, “Yom Teruah.”
  14. Ibid.
  15. Mindel, The Complete Story of Tishrei, p. 47.
  16. Adapted from Louis E. Kaplan, The Gates of Mercy New York, New York: Sepher-Hermon Press, 1979), p. 40.
  17. Gates of Repentance, p. 139, as quoted in Central Conference of American Rabbis, Gates of the Seasons (New York, 1983), p. 120.
  18. Good, “Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come.”  Tape #6, “Yom Teruah.”
  19. Good, “Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come.”  Tape #7, “Teshuvah.”
  20. Good, “Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come.”  Tape #6, “Yom Teruah.”
  21. Glaser, The Fall Feasts of Israel, pp. 22-23.
  22. Good, “Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come.”  Tape #7, “Teshuvah.”
  23. Mindel, The Complete Story of Tishrei, p. 19.
  24. Ibid., pp. 22-23.
  25. Good, “Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come.”  Tape #11, “The Coronation.”
  26. Adapted from Margolis and Markowitz, The Jewish Holidays and Festivals, p. 31.
  27. Good, “Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come.” Tape #6, “Yom Teruah.”
  28. Good, “Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come.”  Tape #4, “The Two Calendars.”
  29. Adapted from Central Conference of American Rabbis, Gates of the Season, p. 39.
  30. Adapted from Neil and Jamie Lash’s “??? ish Wedding Customs,” (tape series) (Ft. Lauderdale, Florida: Love Song to the Messiah Association)
  31. Good, “Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come.”  Tape #11, “Natzal and the Resurrection.”
  32. Adapted from Mindel, TheCcomplete Book of Tishrei, p. 19.
  33. Ibid.
  34. Good, “Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom

 

Chapter 8 – Yom Kippur: The Day of Atonement

  1. Adapted from Arthur Waskow’s Seasons of Our Joy, (New York, New York: Bantam Books, 1983), pp. 28-29.
  2. Glaser, The Fall Feasts of Israel, p. 88.
  3. Ibid., p. 104.
  4. Ibid., p. 85
  5. Adapted from Waskow’s, Season’s of Our Joy, p. 29.
  6. Good, “Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come.”  Tape #5, “The 7,000 Year Plan of God.”
  7. Adapted from Margolis and Markowitz, The Jewish Holidays and Festivals, p. 37.
  8. Adapted from Central Conference of American Rabbis, Gates of the Seasons, p. 49.
  9. Adapted from Margolis and Markowitz, The Jewish Holidays and Festivals, p. 39.
  10. Adapted from Central Conference of American Rabbis, Gates of the Seasons, p. 50.
  11. Adapted from Conner’s The Feats of Israel, pp. 53-58.
  12. Adapted from Glaser, The Fall Feasts of Israel, pp. 79-80.
  13. Ibid., pp. 81-82.
  14. Good, “Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come.”  Tape #5, “The 7,000 Year Plan of God.”
  15. Good, “The Festival Series 1.”  Tape #5, “The High Holy Days.”

 

Chapter 9 – Sukkot: The Feast of Tabernacles

  1. Adapted from Strassfeld’s, The Jewish Holidays, p. 125.
  2. Adapted from Central Conference of American Rabbis, Gates of the Seasons, p. 80.
  3. Adapted from Strassfeld’s, The Jewish Holidays, p. 145.
  4. Adapted from Mindel’s, The Complete Story of Tishrei, p. 143.
  5. Glaser, The Fall Feasts of Israel, p. 155.
  6. Adapted from Conner’s The Feasts of Israel, p. 69.
  7. Strassfeld, The Jewish Holidays, p. 135.
  8. Mindel, The Complete Story of Tishrei, p. 141.
  9. Central Conference of American Rabbis, Gates of the Seasons, p. 80.
  10. Strassfeld, The Jewish Holidays, p. 139.
  11. Adapted from Conner’s The Feasts of Israel, pp. 205-206
  12. Strassfeld, The Jewish Holidays, p. 139.
  13. Ibid.
  14. Adapted from Waskow’s, Seasons of Our Joy, p. 50.
  15. Margolis and Markowitz, The Jewish Holidays and Festivals, pp. 44-45.
  16. Adapted from Waskow’s, Season of Our Joy, p. 51.
  17. Adapted from Strassfeld’s, The Jewish Holidays, p. 135.
  18. Waskow, Seasons of Our Joy, p. 51.
  19. Good, “Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come.” Tape #5, “The 7,000 Year Plan of God.”
  20. Glaser, The Fall Feasts of Israel, p. 174.
  21. Ibid., p. 176.
  22. Strassfeld, The Jewish Holidays, p. 135.
  23. Glaser, The Fall Feasts of Isreal, pp. 179-180, 185.
  24. Ibid., pp. 182-183.
  25. Adapted from Good’s “Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come,” Appendix I, “The Birth of Joshua during Sukkot”, and from The Gates, “The Birth of Joshua during Sukkot,” (Port Arthur, Texas: Hatikva Ministries), Fall 1992.
  26. Ibid.
  27. Ibid.

 

Chapter 10 – Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah

  1. Strassfeld, The Jewish Holidays, p. 149.
  2. Ibid.
  3. Ibid., p. 158.
  4. Ibid., p. 149.
  5. Ibid., p. 158.
  6. Mindel, The Complete Story of Tishrei, p. 176.
  7. Adapted from Margolis and Markowitz’s The Jewish Holidays and Festivals, p. 46.
  8. Adapted from Mindel’s, The Complete Story of Tishrei, p. 192.
  9. Strassfeld, The Jewish Holidays, p. 150.
  10. Ibid., p. 150.
  11. Adapted from Mindel’s, The Complete Story of Tishrei, pp. 177-178.

 

Chapter 11 – Seventy Prophecies of Yeshua’s First Coming

  1. Adapted from “The Messianic Prophecy Card”  (Bethesda, Maryland: The Messianic Jewish Movement International).

 

Chapter 12 – How Can I Receive the Messiah Into My Heart and Life?

  1. Adapted from Have You Ever Heard of the Five Jewish Laws? By Manny Brotman, President, The Messianic Jewish Movement International, Inc., Bethesda, Maryland.  © 1974, 1994.

 

Bibliography

“Birth of Yeshua during Sukkot, The,” The Gates.  Port Arthur, Texas: Hatikva Ministries, Fall 1992.

Central Conference of American Rabbis.  Gates of the Seasons.  New York, 1983.

Conner, Kevin J.  The Feasts of Israel.  Portland, Oregon: Bible Temple Publications, 1980.

Gastor, Theodor.  Festivals of the Jewish Year, New York: William Morrow Co., 1952.

Glasser, Mitch and Zhava.  The Fall Feasts of Israel.  Chicago, Illinois: Moody Press, 1987.

Good, Joseph. “The Festival Series I.”  Port Arthur, Texas: Hatikva Ministries.

Good, Joseph. “Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come.”  Port Arthur, Texas: Hatikva Ministries, 1989.

“Have You Ever Heard of the Five Jewish Laws.” Bethesda, Maryland: The Messianic Jewish Movement International, 1974.

Jeffrey, Grant R. Armageddon Appointment with Destiny.  Toronto, Ontario: Frontier Research Publications, 1988.

Kaplan, Rabbi Aryeh.  Made in Heaven: A Jewish Wedding Guide.  New York, New York: Moznaim Publishing, 1983. 

Kaplan, Louis E.  The Gates of Mercy.  New York: Sepher-Hermon Press, 1979.

Kieval, Herman.  The High Holy Days.  New York: The Burning Bush Press, 1959.

Lash, Neil and Jamie.  “Ancient Jewish Wedding Customs.”  Ft Lauderdale, Florida: Love Song to the Messiah Association.

Margolis, Isidor and Rabbi Sydney Markowitz.  The Jewish Holidays and Festivals.  New York, New York: Carol Publishing Group, 1962.

“The Messianic Prophecy Card.”  Bethesda, Maryland.  The Messianic Jewish Movement International.

Mindel, Nissan.  The Complete Story of Tishrei.  Brooklyn, New York: Makkos L’inyonei Chinuch, Inc., 1938.

Strassfeld, Michael.  The Jewish Holidays: A Guide and Commentary.  New York: Harper and Row Publications, 1985.

Strong, James.  Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible.  Peabody, Massachusetts: World Bible Publishers, 1980.

Waskow’s, Arthur.  Seasons of Our Joy.  New York: Bantam Books, 1982.

Weissman, Rabbi Moshe.  The Midrash Says.  Vols. 1-5.  Brooklyn, New York: Benei Yakov Publications, 1980.

 

Glossary of Terms

Abib – Original name of the first biblical calendar month Nisan.

Afikomen – name of the middle matzah of the three matzot on the Passover plate.  It is eaten at the conclusion of the Seder meal.  This is a Greek word meaning “that which comes after.”  It is represented in a broken piece of matzah wrapped in linen and buried (hidden).

Arba Minim – “Four species.”  These are the four species gathered during the Sukkot festival: citron (etrog), palm (lulav), myrtle (hadas), and willow (aravah).

Atzeret – A festive gathering for the conclusion of a festive season; a concluding feast.  The eighth day of Sukkot known as Shemini Atzeret.

Azazel – Name of the goat (scapegoat) driven into the wilderness in the temple service for Yom Kippur.

Bedikat Chamets – “Search for Chamets (leavened bread).”  A symbolic search for the last remains of leaven conducted on the night before the first Passover Seder.

Beit HaMikdash – The sanctuary of the temple in Jerusalem.

Beit HaShoevah – The house of the water pouring.  This is associated with a water pouring celebration and ceremony that is done during the festival of Sukkot.

Beit Din – A rabbinic court.

Bikkurim – “First Fruits.”  In ancient times, this involved bringing the first seasonal fruits to the temple in Jerusalem.

Chametz – “Leaven.”  Leaven products are not to be eaten during Passover.  Leaven is symbolic of sin.

Chupah – The marriage canopy under which His bride and groom stand to be married.

Elul – Sixth month on the biblical calendar.  Elul I begins a 40-day period of repentance that concludes on Yom Kippur.  This 40 day period is known as Teshuvah.

Erusin – Betrothal.  The first of two steps of a biblical wedding.

Get – A divorce document.

HagHoliday, festival.

Hag HaMatzah – “The Festival of Unleavened Bread.”  This is during the season of Passover.

Hakkafah – Circle-dance (one circuit) with the Torah scroll.

Ha Melech – “The King.”  The coronation day of the Messiah.  The same as Rosh HaShanah.

Hashanah – Hebrew word meaning “save now.”  This is said while carrying the Torah in a procession.

Hashana Rabbah – The seventh day of Sukkot, known as the “Great Hosanna.”

Karpas – “Parsley, green herbs.”  One of the items on the Passover plate.

Ketubah – A written marriage contract.

Lulav – “Palm branch.”  The willow, myrtle, and palm branches are bound together and waved in rejoicing during Sukkot.

Maror – “Bitter hebrs.”  One of the items of the Passover Seder plate.

Mashiach – “The Anointed One.”  The Hebrew word for Messiah, or Christ.

Matan Torah – “The giving of the Torah.”  The revelation on Mount Sinai.

Matzah – Unleavened bread eaten during Passover and especially at the Seder.

Messianic – Having to do with the Messiah (Yeshua/Jesus).

Miqra – Convocation, a rehearsal.

Mishnah – The first legal law code of basic Jewish law governing all aspects of life.  It is based upon the Pharisees’ and rabbis’ interpretation of the Torah and was arranged and reenacted by R. Judah Hanasi about 200 C.E.  The Mishnah contains the basic oral law as evolved through the generations.  It  is divided into six orders.

Mo’ed – A set time or appointed time.  Season; festival. 

Natzal – “Deliverance.”  Used to denote the catching away of the believers in the Messiah at the start of the last thousand years of the Messianic era.

Neilah – “Conclusion, closing.”  The closing of the gates service at the end of Yom Kippur.

Nissan – The first month of the biblical calendar.  This is the religious calendar order given by G-d in Exodus 12.

Omer – “Sheaf; wave offering.”  A bushel of grain.  The counting of the omer refers to the period between Passover and Shavuot.

Pentecost – English name given for the Feast of Weeks (Shavuot).  This is the fiftieth day after the Sabbath during Passover.

Pesach – “Passover.”  Historically, it commemorates the Israelites’ exodus from Egypt, with the concept of freedom as its main theme.

Rosh Chodesh – “The new moon, the new month.”  The first day of the month.

Rosh HaShanah – The Jewish new year.  Celebrated on the first day of Tishrei.  The biblical name for Rosh HaShanah is Yom Teruah, which means “the day of the awakening blast.”  It is known in the non-Jewish world as the Feast of Trumpets. 

Seder – Set order or arrangement.  This refers to the Passover meal.

Shemini Atzeret – The eighth day of the Feast of Sukkot.

Shavuot – “Weeks.”  Known in English as Pentecost Shavuot is the beginning of the wheat harvest, the season of the giving of the Torah, and also the time of betrothal between Israel and G-d.

Shitre Erusin – A betrothal contract.

Shofar – A trumpet made from a ram’s horn.

Simchat Torah – “Rejoicing in the Torah.”  The festival marking the annual completion  and is commencing of the Torah reading cycle Simchat Torah is the first day following the festival season of Sukkot.

Sukkah – “Booth.”  A temporary shelter used during the festival of Sukkot, woven together from branches and leaves.

Sukkot – “Booths, tabernacles.”  The fall harvest festival, which goes from the fifteenth through the twenty-first of Tishrei.

Talmud – “Study or learning.”  The body of teaching that comprises the commentary and discussions of the early rabbis on the Mishnah of R. Judah Hanasi.  The Talmud is the code of Jewish law that is composed of the Mishnah and the Gemara.  The Talmud has unparalleled influence on Jewish thought and is the foundation for modern day traditional Judaism. 

Teshuvah – “Repent or return.”  Repentance denoting a return to G-d after sin.  Starts on Elull 1 through Tishrei 10.

Torah – “Teaching or instruction.”  Used ordinarily to denote five books of the Bible. 

Tzaddikim – The righteous people (by emunah in G-d).

Ushpizin – “Guests.”  According to tradition, the seven mystical “guests” (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, Aaron, Joseph and David) who visit the Sukkah during Sukkot.

Yamim Nora’im – “Days of Awe.”  The period of days between Rosh HaShanah and Yom Kippur.

Yeshua – Hebrew name meaning “salvation.”  The English word for Yeshua is Jesus. 

Yom – Hebrew word for “day.” 

Yom HaDin – “Day of Judgment.”  The same of Rosh HaShanah.

Yom Kippur – “Day of atonement.”  A solemn day of fasting and prayer concluding the ten days of repentance that began on Rosh HaShanah.  Yom Kippur is the tenth day of Tishrei.

Yom Teruah – “Day of Blowing, Awakening Blast, or Sounding of the Shofar.”  The same as Rosh HaShanah.

Zeroah – “Arm.”  A roasted shankbone burned or scorched, which is one of the items of the Seder plate. 

 

 

 

 

 

Understanding the Biblical Festivals Vol 1

Festivals Vol 1

Understand the Festivals Volume 1 contains four teachings. The first teaching is an introduction to understanding the Biblical Festivals. It will answer the questions: What are the Festivals? When are they celebrated? How do they teach us about Yeshua the Messiah? What is the high sabbath? What is the role of the moon in helping us to celebrate the Festivals? The last three teachings are the first three of six lessons on Passover. The Passover teachings will explain the principles and themes of exile and redemption and how the historical Egyptian redemption is associated with understanding the end of days. The events of Passover will explain how Moses encounter with Pharaoh is associated with the parable of the sower and how the two signs of Moses teach us about the resurrection of Yeshua and the coming together of the two houses of Israel. Part 1 of 2 of the spiritual application of Passover will explain how the events of the historical Egyptian redemption will teach us about the death of Messiah on the tree and our personal salvation in Him.  

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